From the outside in, our skin is a superposition of several cellular tissues (epidermis, dermis, hypodermis) one of whose roles is to ensure the protection of the human body against various constraints (physical attacks, mechanical, infectious...) which can weaken it.
Did you know? The skin is the largest organ in the human body with an average surface area of 2m²!
Clinical diagnosis of acne
The pathophysiology of acne essentially involves three factors:
- Excessive production of sebum, making oily skin look oily and shiny. This acne is recurrent and mainly affects the central region of the face (nose, forehead, chin, cheeks) as well as the back and the front region of the thorax.
- Follicular filling (at the level of the pores) by this sebum and the cells covering the skin (keratinocytes) forming closed comedones (microcyst or whitehead : said acne time bomb) and closed comedones, known as blackheads .
- This fat-rich environment becomes conducive to the overgrowth of Cutibacterium acnes , a bacteria naturally present on the skin. An abnormal multiplication is at the origin of acne lesions, maintained by the local secretion of inflammatory mediators.
The different forms of acne
- adolescent acne
It is the unavoidable adolescent acne, developing around puberty. It affects 80% of adolescents and young adults. It begins with so-called retentional acne, made up of closed and/or open comedones and evolves one in four times towards severe acne.
- Inflammatory acne in adults
Whether it is unhealed juvenile acne, a relapse or a beginning form, superficial inflammatory acne in adults is expressed by the influx of inflammatory red pimples without pus, sometimes painful : we speak of papule; if there is pus, then it is called a pustule.
These lesions can manifest more deeply and cause cysts and nodules.
- Nodular acne : a severe form of acne
It is characterized by the presence of inflammatory nodules (hard lumps of larger size under the skin) which can develop into abscesses or fistulize inwards. It is very often the cause of major scars.
- hormonal acne
While in men, hormones stabilize over the years, in women, they follow a much more complicated pattern! Menstruation, pregnancy, menopause... major events causing constant fluctuations in hormone levels directly impacting sebum secretion and the resulting inflammatory process.
- Other types of acne
Drug-induced acne : following the taking of a drug treatment. Often involved corticosteroids taken long term, some antidepressants and many others.
Or acne cosmetica , which is characterized by clogged pores following the use of comedogenic beauty or hygiene products. This term refers to a product generating the rise of blackhead-type imperfections (comedones) due to the stacking of layers of creams, foundations, various powders, etc., forming an occlusive film on the skin or share a stripping effect of the product making the skin more and more reactive.
The tips of the house
Which In & Out routine to adopt?
We also advise you to have a diet that will allow you to reduce sebum secretion. We cannot banish fats, sugars and dairy products from our daily meals, but it is advisable to have a diet rich in vitamin E (antioxidant): fruits, orange and green vegetables. The omega 3s found in fish are, among other things, a good source of essential nutrients.
The beauty secret to prevent and limit acne is to add the consumption of Nigella capsules (for anti-inflammatory and antibacterial purposes) and the double cleaning (Nigella oil added to a cleansing gel) which constitutes the new principle of layering , a Japanese ritual that has proven its benefits for millennia, and which is gradually beginning to spread in Europe!
For each acne problem, its Nigella Sativa!