Alopecia is the nickname of a problem that affects many people, men and women: hair loss. A problem that may seem trivial, but that can greatly affect people who suffer from it, because losing hair is losing a sign of youth and beauty.
Age, because the older you get, the more you lose your hair, but also other causes promote hair loss: stress, emotional shock, hormonal disorder.
A person has an average of 100,000 to 150,000 hairs and loses around 40 to 100 hairs per day with peaks of up to 175 hairs during seasonal changes.
Alopecia is an acceleration of hair loss. We generally speak of alopecia when this hair loss exceeds 100 hairs per day over a long period. The diagnosis of this hair loss requires a consultation and sometimes an examination called a "trichogram" (microscopic observation of a few hairs located in different areas of the scalp).
Alopecia leads to baldness, where the scalp is fully or partially visible.
Types of alopecia
Hereditary androgenetic alopecia: This is the most common, it is manifested by a decrease in hair volume, even baldness, and affects 70% of men (20% of men between 20 and 30 years old) as well as 20 % women. Hair loss generally begins around the age of 20 and stabilizes at the age of 30.
Acute alopecia: It can be linked to chemotherapy treatment, thallium poisoning, stress, significant dietary deficiencies, iron deficiency, hormonal disorders or acute irradiation.
Localized alopecia: It can be caused by skin problems (tumor, burns, alopecia areata), radiotherapy or parasites (ringworm, lichen).
Alopecia areata: It seems to be of autoimmune origin (cell-mediated mechanism); it is characterized by an attack in a more or less large "patch" and in one or more places. This form of alopecia areata can affect the whole head. We speak of alopecia totalis; if it affects the whole body, it is alopecia universalis, and in this case, there is no longer any hair or hair on the whole body.
Our tips from the house:
Black cumin oil is a very good natural remedy to help fight against hair loss, by helping to stop the fall while promoting their regrowth, thanks to its content of vitamins B6 and B8, and its stimulating effect on hormones. The nigella is also attributed with soothing virtues which would act on states of stress and anxiety.
Against baldness, it is interesting to associate nigella with ginger, because ginger stimulates hair regrowth by amplifying the flow and blood exchange at the level of the hair bulb.