From the outside to the inside, our skin is a superposition of several cellular tissues (epidermis, dermis, hypodermis) one of whose roles is to ensure the protection of the human body against various constraints (physical attacks, mechanical, infectious, etc.) which can weaken it.
Did you know? The skin is the largest organ in the human body with an average surface area of 2m²!
Clinical diagnosis of acne
The pathophysiology of acne essentially involves three factors:
- Excessive production of sebum , giving oily skin a greasy and shiny appearance. This acne is recurrent and mainly affects the central region of the face (nose, forehead, chin, cheeks) as well as the back and the front region of the thorax.
- Follicular blocking (at the level of the pores) by this sebum and the cells covering the skin (keratinocytes) forming closed comedones ( microcyst or whitehead : known as the acne time bomb ) and closed comedones , known as blackheads .
- This fat-rich environment becomes conducive to the overgrowth of Cutibacterium acnes , a bacteria naturally present on the skin . Abnormal multiplication is the cause of acne lesions , maintained by the local secretion of inflammatory mediators.
In the dermatological world, acne-prone skin receives special attention. Often marked by excess sebum and clogged follicles, this oily skin is prone to redness, blemishes and blackheads that can worsen the skin's condition if not properly treated. The solution often lies in a suitable cosmetic care routine, which targets overactive sebaceous glands and promotes skin balance.
The different forms of acne
It is the inevitable adolescent acne, developing around puberty , often linked to hormonal changes present during this period. It affects 80% of adolescents and young adults. It begins with so-called retentional acne, made up of closed and/or open comedones and progresses one in four times to severe acne requiring more intense acne treatment. .
Inflammatory adult acne
Whether it is unhealed juvenile acne, a relapse or a beginning form, superficial inflammatory adult acne is expressed by the influx of inflammatory red pimples without pus , sometimes painful. : we are talking about a papule . If pus is present, it is called a pustule . These acne symptoms may require a specific skin care regimen.
These lesions can manifest more deeply and cause cysts and nodules.
Nodular acne : a severe form of acne
It is characterized by the presence of inflammatory nodules (larger hard lumps under the skin) which can develop into abscesses or fistulize inwards. It is very often the cause of major scars.
While in men, hormones stabilize over the years, in women , they follow a much more complicated pattern! Menstruation, pregnancy, menopause... major events causing constant fluctuations in hormone levels directly impacting sebum secretion and the resulting inflammatory process .
Other types of acne
Drug-induced acne : follows medication treatment. Often the cause is corticosteroids taken over the long term, certain antidepressants and many others.
Or acne cosmetica , which is characterized by obstruction of pores following the use of comedogenic beauty or hygiene products . This term refers to a product generating the development of imperfections such as blackheads (comedones) due to the stacking of layers of creams, foundations, various powders, etc.. forming an occlusive film on the skin or due to a stripping effect of the product making the skin increasingly reactive.
Tips of the house
What In & Out routine should you adopt?
We also advise you to eat a diet that will allow you to reduce sebum secretion . We cannot ban fats, sugars and dairy products from our daily meals, but it is advisable to have a diet rich in vitamin E (antioxidant): fruits, orange and green vegetables . The omega 3 found in fish is, among other things, a good source of essential nutrients.
Moisturizer , for example, can help maintain necessary hydration without adding oil to already oily skin . To complete this treatment, a lotion specially formulated for acne-prone skin can help reduce excess oil, thereby minimizing shine and breakouts. Among the key ingredients to look for, zinc is often recommended for its oil-regulating and anti-inflammatory properties, helping to calm redness and clarify skin tone.
The beauty secret to preventing and limiting acne is to add the consumption of Nigella capsules (for anti-inflammatory and antibacterial purposes) and double cleansing (Nigella oil added to a cleansing gel) which constitutes the new principle of layering , a Japanese ritual which has proven its benefits for millennia, and which is gradually starting to spread in Europe!
For every acne problem, its Nigella Sativa!