Les différents types de peau - lofficinedumonde.fr

The different skin types

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To know which treatments are suitable for the different face problems, you must first know your skin type.

To optimize the beauty routine, it is essential to identify it. The state of the skin can be lasting or temporary depending on the problems and the seasons.

You should know that the skin is made up of several layers.

The one that interests us the most in skincare is the visible part of the dermis, which is the hydrolipidic film. It is the one that determines the type of skin you have. It is composed of sebum (protective film which contains water and fights against dehydration) and sweat which allows the balance of the microbial flora of the face.

This hydrolipidic film can be more or less important depending on the person and will make it possible to define the type of skin.

Here are the different skin types

The ideal skin? The so-called “normal” skin

It is neither too greasy nor too dry and the hydrolipidic film allows a perfect balance between hydration, nutrition and the sebum present.

Normal skin is united, smooth, radiant and skin pores are tight. There is not the shadow of an imperfection.

dry skin

Dry skin has a huge lack of sebum, which does not allow it to be perfectly hydrated on a daily basis. It is very often subject to various external attacks such as cold, water, heat and pollution. Dry skin often needs nourishment (from fat), because of the lack of sebum.

Dry skin is also usually due to aging skin. This is why anti-aging creams are very often "nutritious".

The consequences of dry skin are often skin that tends to be tight and can be rough in certain places.

The levels of dryness are different, the tightness is general but it is possible to have itching and even peeling of the skin.

Dry skin is often wrinkled faster than normal, combination or oily skin.

combination skin 

It is combined with normal or dry skin with oily skin. The areas where the sebum is most active are in the T zone, called central: the forehead, the nose and the chin. Only the cheeks are spared from excess sebum.

You have to be careful not to dehydrate it with too purifying creams because the cheeks will be even drier. Attention, hydration and nutrition are not the same things. Nutrition contains fat and hydration contains water. Combination skin needs water. To regulate sebum it is best to make masks once or twice a week to help regulate sebum.

oily skin

It's the complete opposite of dry skin. Oily skin generates a lot of sebum, an overproduction of the seborrhoea glands. Oily skin can be linked to genetics like dry skin, but it can become oily due to external aggressions such as pollution and heat or even by hormones, taking certain medications, diet and certain states such as stress for example.

The pores of the skin are open, the appearance of the skin is shiny with overproduction on the T-zone and the cheeks next to the nose. It is often prone to the production of blackheads and acne on the face, but also the neckline and the back.

Small important point on the difference between dehydrated skin and dry skin:

So-called “dehydrated” skin is often dull and uneven. Dehydration is usually temporary and can be treated much more easily than dry skin.

UV rays, climate, diet, alcohol, tobacco or the use of bad cosmetic products can cause a lack of water.

sensitive skin

Sensitive skin often generates redness, itching and even irritation. The skin can become sensitive over time; skin is not necessarily sensitive from birth. Over the course of a lifetime, skin can change type at various times.

The hydrolipidic film is much less efficient. The causes can be hormonal, stress, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy or even menopause.

mature skin 

It is good to know that from the age of 40 we lose 1% of collagen per year, which causes the skin to lose volume, as well as its elasticity. Wrinkles are starting to happen.

The skin loses water, it becomes thinner and therefore drier. This is why mature skin needs nutrition