Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease characterized by red, scaly rashes. Symptoms can vary in severity, but generally include itching, pain, and burning sensations. The exact causes of psoriasis are not fully understood, but it is thought to be linked to a problem with the immune system, which causes inflammation and excessive acceleration of cell growth.
There are different types of psoriasis, each with distinct symptoms and characteristics. Plaque psoriasis is the most common type and is characterized by red, scaly patches on the skin. Guttate psoriasis is characterized by droplet-shaped rashes and is often caused by a strep infection. Pustular psoriasis is characterized by pustules on the skin and can be more painful and more contagious than other types of psoriasis.
Treatment for psoriasis depends on the severity of the disease and the area affected. Treatment options include topical medications such as creams and ointments, oral medications, and light therapy. Biologic treatment options, such as monoclonal antibodies, are also available for severe cases of psoriasis that don't respond to other treatments.
It's important to see a doctor if you think you have psoriasis, as it can also be linked to other conditions, such as psoriatic arthritis. Early and appropriate treatment of psoriasis can help relieve symptoms and prevent long-term complications.